The Chinese Garden
Facts and Figures
The Chinese Garden
Intention to build a Chinese garden was considered for many years. It became a reality when overseer, Peter Paanaker, bequeathed $10 million for construction and endowment of a Chinese Scholar Garden, based on architecture of southern China. The 12-acre garden includes part of the North Canyon and newly opened areas, was designed in its final rendition by Jin Chen and detailed by the Suzhou Garden Design Company. American company, STO Design Group, designed the one-acre pond, construction to begin the summer of 2004. It will contain a small island, 5 bridges, koi and lotus.
When it opens in 2007, the Summer Garden, located on the southern rim of the pond, will have 5 viewing pavilions, a teahouse, a tea shop, public bathrooms, covered corridors, and a courtyard. The Suzhou Construction Company will bring materials (prefabricated buildings) and craftsmen from China to assemble buildings and claddings for the bridges. American architectural (Offenhauser & Assoc.), engineering (TetraTech), and construction (Valley Crest) companies are involved in design support of structures (retrofitting against earthquakes), proper materials, standards, soil compaction, grading and water run-off, infrastructure (water, gas, security, sewer, etc. lines), and the building of the pond.
The garden represents the four seasons?Winter Garden (north), Summer Garden (south), Spring Garden (east) & Fall Garden (west), with the pond in the center. Distinct areas in the garden include a bamboo grove, a pine garden, canyon garden, and a court for viewing and housing penjing (Chinese bonsai and sculpture rocks). The Summer Garden supports a teahouse. The Autumn Garden will have a piled up rock mountain and grotto. The Spring Garden will be the principal entrance. The Winter Garden will support many buildings and spaces for gatherings for festivals, including a stage for performances.
COLLECTIONS (as of March 2004)
? The North Canyon has established plantings of camellias (cultivars of C. japonica, native to China and Japan) & some Chinese trees (Liriodendron chinensis?Chinese Tulip Tree, Pistacia chinensis?Chinese Pistachio, Nyssa sinensis?Chinese Tupelo, Cedrella sinensis)
? North of the pond is a stand of pines, mostly Pinus canariensis, non-Chinese
? Northeast of the pond is a black bamboo grove, Phyllostachys nigra (native to S. China) and old plantings of incense cedars, Calocedrus decurrens, a north American species (counterpart?vicariant--of the two Chinese species)
future plantings?all plantings will be indigenous or commonly cultivated in China
? Common plants--lotus, peony, bamboo, peach, plum, willow, camellia
? Plants found in courtyards and pond edges of Chinese scholar gardens?Osmanthus, citrus, mondo grass, banana, Pinus bungeaana, chrysanthemum, Magnolia, Rosa banksiae, Sophora japonica (Scholar Tree), Loropetalum, Jasminum mesnyi
? Trees and shrubs selected specifically for fall color and spring bloom
? Rare and unusual plants from China
[ ? 2020, Huntington Botanical. All rights reserved.